According to CyberCrime Magazine, ‘there will be 3.5 million unfilled cybersecurity jobs globally by 2021, up from one million positions in 2014.’ So why exactly are cyber security roles in such high demand? Well, it’s because cyber security threats are growing.
Forbes reported that, ‘the year 2020 broke all records when it came to data lost in breaches and sheer numbers of cyber-attacks on companies, government, and individuals.’ Cyber crime is becoming more sophisticated, individuals and businesses need robust protection online.
With high demand and a huge earning potential, many individuals are pursuing this lucrative career path. There are many different roles out there, so let’s explore a few of the best options.
- Chief Information Security Officer
A chief information security office oversees IT security for business organizations. CISOs direct, coordinate and plan security for business networks, data, and computers. They work with management to understand the security needs of an organization. CISOs typically need to recruit and manage a team of security staff. As a chief information security officer you’d need a background in security strategy and architecture. These positions require a bachelor’s degree in a computer science subject, IT, or cyber security. Some organisations prefer candidates to also obtain a masters in cyber security.
- Malware Analyst
Working as a malware analyst involves investigating malicious software, to better understand the threat. Malware analysts look at how the malware got there and the system flaws that were exploited. They study what the malware achieved (or tried to achieve). Malware analysts need to handle, dissemble and debug, using the latest knowledge and tools. When an incident has occurred, malware analysts look at the code, and explore the problem in depth. With their findings, it’s possible to reduce the threat of malware. To become a malware analyst you’ll need a cyber security degree, or a related degree.
- Penetration Tester
As a penetration tester, you’d be testing security concerns, to expose IT vulnerabilities.
These professionals perform authorized computer hacks, to help organizations to discover issues and service problems. Penetration testers design security testing tools, to hack into IT infrastructures. Once the testing is complete they provide businesses with advice on improving their security systems. Penetration testers need an IT degree, or a degree in cyber security. To take their skills to the next level, penetration testers might consider a masters in cyber security online.
- Security Systems Administrator
A security systems administrator works to install, maintain, and troubleshoot data security and computer systems. A SSA is in charge of the computer, network, and data systems, on a daily basis. A security systems administration maintains user accounts, runs backups, and monitors systems. They support organizations to develop effective security procedures. If you’re considering becoming a SSA, you’ll need a computer science degree, or a degree in a similar field. Business cyber security is incredibly important, which is why SSAs are in such high demand.
- Blockchain Developer
Blockchain developers develop systems to respond to threats, for example hacking. As a blockchain developer you’d be making sure that digital transactions are secure, and record blockchain info and data. They usually work using multiple systems, using various programme languages. You’d need skills in blockchain architecture, and advanced knowledge of data structures. Blockchain developers also need an understanding of cryptography and web development. Blockchain developers must obtain a degree in a computer science related field.
- A Security Architect
A security architect works to build, test and implement advanced level security systems. As a security architect you’d need to have a detailed understanding of intricate technology systems. As an SA you’d need to keep up with security standards, and authentication procedures. A security architect monitors the network, recommends security enhancements, and responds to incidents. Other tasks include planning system upgrades, and outlining disaster recovery processes. Security architects are required to obtain a degree in an IT security field.
- DevSecOp Engineer
A DevSecOp Engineer is responsible for developing software, identifying security threats, and setting up network infrastructures. DevSecOps need to understand the latest security threats, and the appropriate software. As a DevSecOps you’d need to understand risk assessment methods, and security best practices. These professionals need to create customized tools, to meet their security needs. DevSecOps professionals need to know programming languages, for example Python, Ruby or Java. It’s also important that they know how to use developer software tools.
- IT Security Consultant
An IT security consultant works to implement a security strategy, supporting stakeholder and staff. It’s their job to manage software vendors, and support all aspects of the IT security infrastructure. The role involves planning, implementation and assessment. They look for vulnerabilities in IT systems, and then provide solutions to fix them. Like penetration testers, IT security consultants hack systems, to expose weaknesses and learn how to solve them. If you’re interested in this role, you’ll need to study for an IT related bachelor’s degree.
- Forensic Computer Analyst
A forensic computer analyst investigates the world of cyber security. They review computer evidence and info, in the aftermath of a security breach. These professionals must handle storage devices and hard drives, and attempt to recover data. Forensic computer analysts need to find vulnerabilities, using specialist software. They need to follow privacy guidelines, and act with discretion. Forensic computer analysts need to log the information that they find, their data is used to support litigation procedures. To follow this career path, you’ll need a computer security degree, or a bachelor’s degree in a related field.
Before you start studying for a degree it’s important to research your options. Not all institutions offer the same quality teaching, and you’ll want to ensure that you choose the right course. Carefully read over the course details to ensure that you’re making the right decision. The best thing to do is to contact the course provider, with any questions you have. A career in cyber security has so many benefits, you’ll receive a high salary for an interesting and varied role. It’s a diverse career path, with the possibility of learning new things every day.
Image Credits: Jefferson Santos
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